Infrared Temperature Measurement in the Plastics Industry
Thick plastics are non-reflective to infrared radiation, so they are usually easy to measure with infrared temperature sensors. Thin plastic films can transmit IR, and a specialised sensor is sometimes required for accurate results. Calex has suitable pyrometers for measuring plastics in many industrial applications.
Temperature measurement in thermoforming is easy and straightforward with non-contact infrared sensors.Read our application note to find out more.
Thin plastic film is heated by rollers and stationary heater bars, and bonded to a substrate such as paper. Machines can have multiple heating rollers. The temperature of the heating rollers is monitored, and is typically below 140°C. Manufacturers of laminating machines install non-contact temperature sensors to control the process.
PyroUSB 2.2 model PU151LT2.2:
– measure reflective steel heating rollers above approximately 50-60°C (depending on the emissivity of the roller)
(e.g. cable manufacturing, automotive parts such as bumpers)
The surface of the plastic is briefly melted by a flame. When it hardens, it has a smooth, polished finish.
In cable manufacturing, the outer insulation jacket is flame polished. The PyroCube has the smallest measured spot diameter for very narrow wires (as small as 0.7 mm on PyroCube XS models).
In automotive manufacturing, the flame polisher can be a handheld machine. A sensor, such as the PyroMini -HA with high-ambient sensing head, can be mounted on the flame polisher. The display on the electronics module turns bright red to show the operator if the surface is getting too hot.
The temperature of the plastic bottle preform is measured just before it is inflated in the mould.
If the preform is 10mm in diameter or more, and held in front of the sensor for more than 0.25 seconds, then a general purpose sensor with close focus optics gives good results, for example the PyroCouple, PyroMini or PyroBus, depending on the required output type.
If a faster response time than 0.25 seconds is needed, or if the preform is narrower than 10 mm, we suggest the PyroCube. This can measure a spot of 0.7 mm diameter with a response time of 10 ms.
Plastic Tube and Sheet Extrusion
The temperature of the plastic after it exits the die is easily monitored using non-contact sensors. Extrusion of plastic tubing and profiles requires temperature control to ensure consistent quality. The tube or profile can be narrow, so the very small measured spot of the PyroCube is ideal. If the die is changed, the aiming angle of the sensor must often be adjusted, and the continuous LED sighting makes this easy.
Extruded sheet can be monitored to control cooling using the same types of sensors as in Laminating (above). If the sheet is thick, it can be measured directly using these sensors. If it is a thin film, a specialised sensor such as the PyroCube P is required.
Extrusion Coating and BOPP Extrusion
Molten plastic (e.g. polyethylene) is extruded in a sheet and bonded onto a substrate material such as corrugated board, paper, cellulose, non-woven fabric, or plastic film. The plastic passes between the substrate and a nip roller to form the laminated product. It can be bonded between two substrates in a single process.
Note: If the extruder is deep in the nip of two rollers, there might not be sufficient space to install an infrared temperature sensor.
The PyroCube P is capable of measuring the plastic temperature as it leaves the extrusion die.
Other sensors, as shown in Laminating, may be used for roll temperature monitoring, to control heating and cooling.
Food Pouch Sealing
A temperature profile is measured as the filled pouches pass the sensor to detect defects in the seal area. The PyroCube P or F is likely to be the most suitable model, depending on the required response time and film thickness.
Blister Pack Sealing
The seal area is usually narrow, so a PyroCube sensor is required. Consider the type and thickness of the plastic to determine whether the PyroCube P or S is the most suitable: P models are better for measuring thin-film polyolefins.